Biomimetic Materials for Decarbonization

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

Biomimetic materials are materials that are designed and engineered to mimic the properties and functions of biological materials found in nature. This approach draws inspiration from the remarkable properties of natural materials, such as the strength of spider silk, the water repellency of lotus leaves, and the self-healing capabilities of human skin, to create new materials with enhanced performance and sustainability.

Impact on climate action

Biomimetic Materials for Decarbonization within Advanced Materials emulate nature’s design principles to develop sustainable solutions. By reducing resource consumption, enhancing energy efficiency, and minimizing environmental impact, these innovations promote eco-friendly practices, foster resilience to climate change, and contribute to a greener and more sustainable future.


  • Bioinspiration: Biomimetic materials research starts with studying and understanding the structure, properties, and functions of biological materials.
  • Material Science and Engineering: Material science and engineering principles are applied to design and synthesize materials that mimic the properties of biological materials.
  • Nanotechnology: Nanotechnology plays a crucial role in biomimetic materials development, as many biological materials have structures and features at the nanoscale.
  • Self-Assembly: Self-assembly processes, where molecules or nanoparticles spontaneously organize into ordered structures, are often used to create biomimetic materials with complex hierarchical structures.

TRL : 4-7 (depending on the specific material and application)

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Self-Healing Materials: Inspired by the self-healing capabilities of biological tissues, researchers are developing self-healing materials that can repair damage autonomously, extending their lifespan and reducing waste.
  • Superhydrophobic Materials: Superhydrophobic materials, inspired by the water-repellent properties of lotus leaves, repel water and other liquids, with applications in coatings, textiles, and self-cleaning surfaces.
  • Strong and Lightweight Materials: Biomimetic materials inspired by spider silk and other natural fibers offer exceptional strength and lightweight properties, with potential applications in aerospace, automotive, and construction industries.
  • Biocompatible Materials: Biomimetic materials designed to be compatible with living tissues are being developed for medical implants, drug delivery systems, and other biomedical applications.
  • Bio-Inspired Adhesives: Adhesives inspired by the strong adhesion properties of gecko feet and mussels offer potential for strong and reversible adhesion in various applications.

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  • Spintex Engineering:
    • Technology Enhancement: Spintex Engineering focuses on developing biomimetic fibers inspired by natural silks, such as spider silk, using a spinning process that mimics the way spiders produce silk.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Spintex’s biomimetic fibers possess exceptional strength, elasticity, and biocompatibility, making them suitable for a wide range of applications including textiles, medical devices, and composites.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Spintex’s products target industries seeking high-performance materials with properties similar to natural silk, including apparel, healthcare, aerospace, and defense.
  • mCera Technology:
    • Technology Enhancement: mCera Technology specializes in the development of ceramic materials inspired by biological structures found in nature, such as shells, bones, and teeth, using advanced manufacturing techniques.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: mCera’s biomimetic ceramics exhibit unique combinations of strength, toughness, and lightweight properties, offering advantages over traditional ceramic materials for applications in automotive, aerospace, electronics, and biomedical fields.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: mCera’s products cater to industries requiring high-performance ceramic materials with tailored properties, including automotive components, electronic substrates, medical implants, and protective coatings.
  • Biomimetic Solutions:
    • Technology Enhancement: Biomimetic Solutions specializes in the development of biomimetic polymers and coatings inspired by natural structures and processes, such as self-cleaning surfaces, water-repellent coatings, and adhesive materials.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Biomimetic Solutions’ products mimic the functionalities of biological systems, offering innovative solutions for applications in architecture, automotive, marine, and consumer goods industries.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Biomimetic Solutions serves a diverse range of industries seeking sustainable and high-performance materials with biomimetic properties, including building materials, coatings, adhesives, and surface treatments.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):
    • Research Focus: MIT is a pioneer in biomimetic materials, drawing inspiration from nature to design and engineer materials with unique properties and functionalities.
    • Uniqueness: Their research often involves mimicking biological structures and processes, such as self-assembly, hierarchical organization, and responsive behavior, to create advanced materials with unprecedented capabilities.
    • End-use Applications: MIT’s biomimetic materials have diverse applications across industries, including robotics, healthcare, and energy. For example, they’re developing bio-inspired adhesives for surgical applications, self-healing materials for infrastructure, and adaptive materials for responsive textiles and wearable devices.
  • Harvard University:
    • Research Focus: Harvard’s research on biomimetic materials explores the intersection of materials science, biology, and engineering, with a focus on replicating and enhancing natural systems for technological innovation.
    • Uniqueness: They are known for developing synthetic materials that replicate the structural and functional features of biological materials, such as strength, flexibility, and responsiveness to stimuli.
    • End-use Applications: Harvard’s biomimetic materials find applications in fields like biomedicine, soft robotics, and sustainable design. For instance, they’re researching artificial muscles inspired by the structure of cephalopod skin and bio-inspired coatings for drag reduction in marine vehicles.
  • University of California, Berkeley:
    • Research Focus: UC Berkeley’s research on biomimetic materials explores fundamental principles of biology and materials science to develop innovative materials and devices that mimic biological systems.
    • Uniqueness: Their research often involves interdisciplinary collaborations, combining expertise in materials chemistry, biomechanics, and bioengineering to create biomimetic materials with novel properties and functionalities.
    • End-use Applications: UC Berkeley’s biomimetic materials have applications in fields like nanotechnology, environmental monitoring, and consumer electronics. For example, they’re developing bio-inspired sensors for detecting toxins in water and energy-efficient materials for building insulation inspired by the structure of polar bear fur.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

Biomimetic materials are being implemented in various commercial applications, including:

  • Medical Implants: Biocompatible materials inspired by natural tissues are used in medical implants, such as hip replacements and dental implants.
  • Textiles and Apparel: Water-repellent and self-cleaning fabrics inspired by lotus leaves and other natural surfaces are being developed for outdoor clothing and other applications.
  • Adhesives: Bio-inspired adhesives are being used in various applications, such as medical devices and electronics.