Blockchain for Building Energy Management

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

Blockchain for building energy management involves using blockchain technology to improve the transparency, security, and efficiency of energy management systems in buildings. This approach leverages the decentralized and tamper-proof nature of blockchain to track energy consumption, facilitate peer-to-peer energy trading, and automate energy management processes.

Impact on climate action

Blockchain for Building Energy Management under Energy-Efficient Buildings revolutionizes climate action by optimizing energy usage and reducing emissions in buildings. By enabling transparent, decentralized energy transactions and incentivizing efficiency, this innovation promotes renewable energy adoption, reduces carbon footprint, and accelerates the transition to sustainable, low-emission buildings, combating climate change.


  • Blockchain Technology: Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology that allows for secure, transparent, and tamper-proof transactions. In the context of building energy management, blockchain can be used to track and record energy consumption data, facilitate peer-to-peer energy trading, and automate energy management processes.
  • Smart Contracts: Smart contracts are self-executing contracts that can be programmed on a blockchain. They can automate energy management tasks, such as adjusting HVAC settings or controlling lighting based on predefined rules and conditions.
  • Decentralized Energy Management: Blockchain can enable decentralized energy management systems, where building occupants or tenants have more control over their energy usage and can participate in peer-to-peer energy trading.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): IoT devices, such as smart meters and energy sensors, can be integrated with blockchain platforms to provide real-time data on energy consumption, enabling more efficient and transparent energy management.

TRL : 4-5

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Blockchain-Based Energy Trading Platforms: Startups are developing blockchain-based platforms that allow building occupants or tenants to buy and sell energy directly with each other, creating a more decentralized and efficient energy market.
  • Smart Contracts for Automated Energy Management: Smart contracts can be used to automate energy management tasks, such as adjusting HVAC settings based on occupancy or time of day, or controlling lighting based on ambient light levels.
  • Blockchain for Energy Data Management: Blockchain can provide a secure and transparent way to store and manage building energy data, ensuring data integrity and preventing tampering.
  • Integration with Renewable Energy Sources: Blockchain can be used to track and verify the origin of renewable energy generated on-site or purchased from the grid, promoting the use of clean energy in buildings.

Other Innovation Subthemes

  • Transparency and Security Enhancement
  • Decentralized Energy Trading Platforms
  • Automated Energy Management with Smart Contracts
  • Renewable Energy Tracking and Verification
  • Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading Networks
  • Data Integrity and Tamper-Proofing Solutions
  • Efficiency Boost through Blockchain Technology
  • Cybersecurity in Smart Grids and Energy Systems
  • Microgrid Management and Optimization

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  1. Grid+:
    • Technology Enhancement: Grid+ utilizes blockchain technology to facilitate energy trading and management at the building level. Their platform integrates smart meters, energy monitoring devices, and blockchain-enabled software to enable peer-to-peer energy transactions, demand response, and grid interaction. By leveraging blockchain, Grid+ aims to create transparent and efficient energy markets that empower consumers to optimize their energy usage and reduce costs.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Grid+ stands out for its focus on using blockchain to decentralize energy markets and improve energy access and affordability. Their platform enables secure and transparent energy transactions without the need for intermediaries, fostering a more efficient and resilient energy ecosystem.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Grid+ serves residential and commercial building owners, energy consumers, and prosumers seeking greater control over their energy usage and costs. Their blockchain-based energy management solutions cater to individuals and businesses looking to participate in peer-to-peer energy trading, demand response programs, and grid services.
  2. LO3 Energy:
    • Technology Enhancement: LO3 Energy specializes in blockchain-based solutions for building energy management and peer-to-peer energy trading. Their platform, known as Exergy, enables secure and transparent energy transactions between buildings, microgrids, and renewable energy assets. By leveraging blockchain technology, LO3 Energy aims to decentralize energy markets, optimize energy usage, and enable new business models in the energy sector.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: LO3 Energy stands out for its expertise in developing blockchain solutions for decentralized energy systems. Their platform facilitates direct energy trading among consumers, producers, and storage providers, bypassing traditional energy utilities and creating new opportunities for energy market participation and innovation.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: LO3 Energy serves building owners, microgrid operators, renewable energy developers, and utilities seeking to modernize energy infrastructure and enable decentralized energy transactions. Their blockchain-based energy management solutions cater to various stakeholders looking to enhance energy efficiency, resiliency, and sustainability in buildings and communities.
  3. WePower:
    • Technology Enhancement: WePower is focused on using blockchain technology to streamline energy financing, procurement, and trading for building energy management. Their platform enables renewable energy project developers to tokenize energy production and sell future energy production rights to investors. Through blockchain-enabled smart contracts, WePower facilitates transparent and efficient energy procurement for building owners and energy consumers.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: WePower stands out for its innovative approach to financing and trading renewable energy through blockchain technology. Their platform empowers building owners to access clean energy directly from renewable sources and participate in renewable energy markets, accelerating the transition to a more sustainable and decentralized energy system.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: WePower serves building owners, renewable energy project developers, investors, and energy consumers looking to access renewable energy and participate in energy markets. Their blockchain-based energy procurement and trading platform cater to individuals and businesses seeking transparent and sustainable energy solutions for building operations and energy management.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):
    • Research Focus: MIT is at the forefront of research on Blockchain for Building Energy Management, focusing on developing decentralized, transparent, and secure platforms for optimizing energy consumption, grid interaction, and renewable energy integration in buildings.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves leveraging blockchain technology to create distributed ledger systems that enable real-time tracking, verification, and settlement of energy transactions within buildings and across interconnected networks. They also explore smart contracts, tokenization, and peer-to-peer trading mechanisms to incentivize energy efficiency, demand response, and distributed generation.
    • End-use Applications: The outcomes of their work have applications in commercial buildings, residential complexes, and campus microgrids. By harnessing blockchain for building energy management, MIT’s research facilitates peer-to-peer energy trading, grid balancing, and carbon footprint reduction, empowering building owners, tenants, and utilities to collaborate and optimize energy use in a decentralized energy ecosystem.
  2. Stanford University:
    • Research Focus: Stanford University conducts innovative research on Blockchain for Building Energy Management, leveraging its expertise in distributed systems, cryptography, and energy economics to develop scalable and interoperable solutions for enhancing building energy efficiency and resilience.
    • Uniqueness: Their research encompasses the development of blockchain-based platforms that enable secure data sharing, energy auditing, and performance benchmarking across diverse building portfolios. They also explore privacy-preserving techniques, consensus mechanisms, and interoperability standards to address the unique challenges of building energy management in a decentralized, multi-stakeholder environment.
    • End-use Applications: The outcomes of their work find applications in commercial real estate, industrial facilities, and smart cities. By deploying blockchain-enabled building energy management systems, Stanford’s research supports data-driven decision-making, regulatory compliance, and carbon emissions reduction, driving the transition to sustainable and resilient built environments.
  3. University of California, Berkeley:
    • Research Focus: UC Berkeley is engaged in cutting-edge research on Blockchain for Building Energy Management, leveraging its expertise in energy policy, urban sustainability, and digital innovation to develop transformative solutions for optimizing building performance and enhancing grid integration.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves exploring blockchain-enabled smart meters, energy monitoring devices, and IoT sensors for collecting real-time energy data and facilitating automated energy transactions. They also investigate governance models, regulatory frameworks, and market mechanisms to ensure fairness, transparency, and trust in decentralized energy management systems.
    • End-use Applications: The outcomes of their work have applications in multi-tenant buildings, campus environments, and district energy systems. By leveraging blockchain for building energy management, UC Berkeley’s research enables energy disaggregation, load forecasting, and demand-side flexibility, empowering building occupants, utilities, and grid operators to optimize energy use, reduce costs, and enhance system reliability.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

Blockchain-based building energy management systems are still in the early stages of development and commercial implementation is limited. However, several pilot projects and demonstration systems have shown promising results.