Digitalization and Data Analytics for CO2 capture and storage

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

Digitalization and data analytics in CCS refer to the application of digital technologies and analytical tools to improve the efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness of carbon capture, transportation, and storage processes. This involves collecting, analyzing, and interpreting vast amounts of data from various sources, including sensors, simulations, and historical records, to gain insights that optimize decision-making and enhance operational performance.

Impact on climate action

Digitalization and Data Analytics for CO2 capture & storage streamline processes, optimize efficiency, and enhance monitoring. By leveraging advanced technologies, it enables real-time data analysis, predictive modeling, and proactive decision-making. This innovation accelerates the deployment of CO2 capture & storage solutions, significantly contributing to global climate action goals.


The foundation of digitalization and data analytics in CCS rests on several key technologies and concepts:

  • Internet of Things (IoT): Sensors deployed throughout the CCS chain, from capture facilities to storage sites, collect real-time data on CO2 concentrations, pressures, temperatures, flow rates, and other key parameters.
  • Cloud Computing and Data Storage: Vast amounts of data generated by IoT sensors and other sources are securely stored and processed in the cloud, enabling accessibility and scalability for data analysis.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): AI and ML algorithms are used to analyze complex data sets, identify patterns, predict potential issues, and optimize operational parameters.
  • Digital Twins: Virtual representations of physical assets, such as CO2 capture plants or storage reservoirs, are created using real-time data. These digital twins allow for simulations, scenario analysis, and predictive maintenance.
  • Visualization and Decision Support Systems: Sophisticated visualization tools and decision support systems enable operators and engineers to interpret complex data, make informed decisions, and optimize CCS operations.

TRL : Varies (5-9) depending on specific technology and application.

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Predictive Maintenance: AI and ML algorithms are used to analyze sensor data and predict potential equipment failures, enabling proactive maintenance and reducing downtime.
  • Automated Process Control: Intelligent control systems, powered by AI and real-time data, can optimize CO2 capture rates, injection pressures, and other operational parameters, enhancing efficiency and reducing costs.
  • Leak Detection and Risk Mitigation: Sensors and data analytics are being used to develop sophisticated leak detection systems for CO2 pipelines and storage sites, enabling rapid response and minimizing environmental risks.
  • Storage Site Optimization: Advanced reservoir simulation models, combined with real-time data from monitoring wells, can optimize CO2 injection strategies, maximize storage capacity, and ensure long-term storage integrity.
  • Carbon Accounting and Reporting: Digital platforms are being developed to track and report CO2 emissions, capture rates, and storage volumes, enhancing transparency and facilitating carbon accounting for CCS projects.

Other Innovation Subthemes

  • IoT Sensor Network Deployment
  • Cloud-Based Data Processing
  • AI and ML Algorithm Integration
  • Digital Twin Development
  • Advanced Visualization Tools
  • Predictive Maintenance Solutions
  • Intelligent Process Control Systems
  • Leak Detection Technology
  • Risk Mitigation Strategies
  • Reservoir Simulation Modeling
  • Real-Time Monitoring Wells
  • Injection Strategy Optimization
  • Storage Capacity Maximization
  • Long-Term Integrity Assurance
  • Carbon Emissions Tracking Platform
  • Capture Rate Analysis
  • Storage Volume Reporting
  • Transparency Enhancement Solutions
  • Carbon Accounting Platforms

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  • Carbon Sequestration Inc.:
    • Technology Focus: Carbon Sequestration Inc. specializes in digital solutions and data analytics tailored for CO2 capture and storage processes. Their technology likely involves real-time monitoring of CO2 emissions, advanced analytics for optimizing capture efficiency, and predictive modeling for storage site selection and management.
    • Uniqueness: They may stand out for their comprehensive approach to CO2 management, integrating digitalization and data analytics throughout the entire capture and storage lifecycle. Their solutions could offer enhanced accuracy, reliability, and cost-effectiveness in carbon capture and storage operations.
    • End-User Segments: Carbon Sequestration Inc. primarily targets industries with high CO2 emissions, such as power generation, oil and gas production, and heavy manufacturing. Their solutions aim to help these industries comply with emissions regulations, reduce environmental impact, and transition towards more sustainable practices.
  • Kairos Carbon:
    • Technology Focus: Kairos Carbon specializes in innovative digital solutions for CO2 capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS). Their technology may involve advanced sensors, IoT devices, and machine learning algorithms for optimizing CO2 capture processes and identifying suitable storage sites.
    • Uniqueness: Kairos Carbon could differentiate itself through its focus on the entire CCUS value chain, from capture to utilization and storage. Their solutions might offer versatility, allowing organizations to not only reduce emissions but also explore opportunities for carbon utilization and monetization.
    • End-User Segments: Their target segments could include a wide range of industries, including energy, manufacturing, transportation, and agriculture, seeking comprehensive CCUS solutions to mitigate their carbon footprint and meet sustainability goals.
  • Intelligent Plant:
    • Technology Focus: Intelligent Plant specializes in digitalization and data analytics solutions for the energy sector, including CO2 capture and storage. Their technology may involve cloud-based platforms, advanced analytics algorithms, and integration with existing industrial systems for real-time monitoring and optimization.
    • Uniqueness: They may be unique for their expertise in integrating digital solutions with existing industrial infrastructure, enabling seamless data-driven decision-making for CO2 capture and storage operations. Their solutions could offer scalability, interoperability, and rapid deployment for organizations seeking to enhance their carbon management capabilities.
    • End-User Segments: Intelligent Plant primarily targets energy companies, including power plants, refineries, and petrochemical facilities, looking to improve operational efficiency, reduce emissions, and comply with environmental regulations through advanced digital solutions.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):
    • Technology Enhancements: MIT researchers are pioneering the use of digitalization and data analytics to optimize CO2 capture and storage processes. They are developing advanced sensor networks and monitoring systems to track CO2 emissions in real-time and identify opportunities for efficiency improvements.
    • Uniqueness of Research: MIT’s approach involves integrating machine learning algorithms with process modeling to predict the performance of CO2 capture and storage systems under different operating conditions. This predictive capability enables proactive decision-making and optimization, leading to cost savings and environmental benefits.
    • End-use Applications: The research at MIT has implications for various industries, including power generation, industrial manufacturing, and transportation sectors. By improving the efficiency and reliability of CO2 capture and storage technologies, companies can mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and comply with regulatory requirements while maintaining competitiveness.
  • Stanford University:
    • Technology Enhancements: Researchers at Stanford University are leveraging digitalization and data analytics techniques to enhance the performance and scalability of CO2 capture and storage technologies. They are developing advanced control algorithms and optimization strategies to minimize energy consumption and maximize CO2 capture efficiency.
    • Uniqueness of Research: Stanford’s research focuses on integrating sensor data, machine learning, and simulation models to optimize the entire lifecycle of CO2 capture and storage systems. This holistic approach considers factors such as site selection, capture technology, transport infrastructure, and long-term storage feasibility.
    • End-use Applications: The research at Stanford University has implications for energy-intensive industries such as power plants, cement production, and steel manufacturing. By implementing advanced digitalization and data analytics solutions, companies can reduce their carbon footprint and transition towards a more sustainable energy future.
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU):
    • Technology Enhancements: NTNU researchers are developing innovative digitalization and data analytics tools specifically tailored for CO2 capture and storage applications. They are focusing on real-time monitoring, fault detection, and predictive maintenance to ensure the reliable operation of CO2 capture and storage facilities.
    • Uniqueness of Research: NTNU’s research integrates expertise in process engineering, data science, and environmental science to address the unique challenges associated with CO2 capture and storage. They are exploring novel data-driven approaches to optimize capture efficiency, minimize leakage risks, and maximize storage capacity.
    • End-use Applications: The research at NTNU has implications for carbon-intensive industries, as well as emerging carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS) projects. By leveraging digitalization and data analytics, companies can reduce the environmental impact of their operations and contribute to global efforts to combat climate change.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

Several companies are already implementing digitalization and data analytics solutions in commercial CCS projects:

  • Shell: Shell utilizes digital twin technology to monitor and optimize CO2 injection and storage at their Quest CCS project in Canada.
  • Equinor: Equinor employs advanced data analytics and monitoring systems to ensure safe and efficient CO2 storage at their Sleipner project in the North Sea.