Electric Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communication

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

V2X communication refers to the exchange of information between vehicles, infrastructure, and other entities using wireless technologies like cellular networks, Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC), or Wi-Fi. V2X enables vehicles to “talk” to each other, to traffic signals, to pedestrians, and even to smart grids, enhancing situational awareness, coordinating actions, and optimizing the overall mobility experience.

Impact on climate action

Electric Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communication accelerates climate action by enhancing grid stability, enabling energy storage, and reducing carbon emissions through intelligent charging. By integrating electric vehicles into the energy ecosystem, it optimizes renewable energy use and facilitates grid balancing, thus fostering a more sustainable transportation infrastructure.


  • Wireless Communication: V2X relies on wireless communication technologies like cellular networks, DSRC, or Wi-Fi to enable real-time data exchange between vehicles and their surroundings.
  • Data Exchange: V2X systems exchange various types of data, including:
    • Vehicle location and speed
    • Traffic signal status
    • Road conditions (e.g., ice, fog, road closures)
    • Pedestrian presence
    • Vehicle status (e.g., braking, acceleration, lane changes)
  • Advanced Sensors: V2X systems typically rely on various sensors, including cameras, radar, lidar, and ultrasonic sensors, to gather data about the environment and provide real-time situational awareness.
  • Data Processing and Analysis: The data collected by V2X systems is processed and analyzed to enable real-time decision-making, such as warnings of potential collisions, adaptive cruise control, and optimized traffic flow management.

TRL : 6-7 (Transitioning towards 8)

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communication: EVs can directly communicate with each other, sharing information about speed, direction, and braking, enhancing safety and avoiding accidents.
  • Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) Communication: EVs can interact with traffic signals, warning systems, and other infrastructure to improve traffic flow, reduce congestion, and enhance safety.
  • Vehicle-to-Pedestrian (V2P) Communication: EVs can warn pedestrians of approaching vehicles, especially in blind spots, reducing the risk of accidents.
  • Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Integration: V2X technology can be integrated with V2G charging to allow EVs to participate in grid services, such as providing demand response and peak shaving.
  • Cloud-Based V2X Platforms: Centralized platforms can collect and process V2X data from a large number of vehicles, enabling comprehensive traffic management, predictive maintenance, and the development of intelligent transportation systems.

Other Innovation Subthemes

  • Seamless Mobility Integration
  • Wireless Connectivity Solutions
  • Real-Time Data Exchange
  • Advanced Sensor Integration
  • Intelligent Traffic Management
  • Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication
  • Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Interaction
  • Enhancing Pedestrian Safety
  • Grid-Integrated Vehicle Technology
  • Cloud-Based Mobility Platforms
  • Reliability and Security in V2X
  • Telematics and Connected Vehicles
  • V2X Communication Chip Development
  • Algorithmic Data Processing
  • Autonomous Vehicle Integration
  • V2X in Smart City Environments
  • Safety and Efficiency Evaluation

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  1. Savari:
    • Technology Focus: Savari specializes in V2X communication solutions, enabling vehicles to communicate with each other (V2V), with infrastructure (V2I), and with other entities such as pedestrians (V2P) and networks (V2N). Their technology aims to enhance safety, traffic efficiency, and overall driving experience in connected environments.
    • Uniqueness: Savari stands out for its focus on developing advanced V2X communication algorithms and hardware, particularly optimized for real-world deployment and interoperability. They may offer solutions that prioritize reliability, low latency, and scalability, crucial for widespread adoption.
    • End-User Segments: Their target segments include automotive OEMs, transportation agencies, smart city initiatives, and fleet operators looking to deploy V2X communication technology to improve road safety and traffic management.
  2. Airbiquity:
    • Technology Focus: Airbiquity offers connected vehicle services and over-the-air (OTA) software management solutions. Their V2X communication capabilities likely involve integrating with existing telematics platforms to enable secure and efficient communication between electric vehicles and various entities.
    • Uniqueness: Airbiquity may differentiate itself through its comprehensive OTA software update capabilities, ensuring that V2X communication modules remain up to date with the latest standards and security patches. They may also offer robust data analytics and insights derived from V2X interactions.
    • End-User Segments: Their solutions cater to automotive manufacturers, fleet operators, and mobility service providers seeking to deploy and manage connected vehicle services, including V2X communication, seamlessly and securely.
  3. Autotalks:
    • Technology Focus: Autotalks is a semiconductor company specializing in V2X communication chipset solutions. Their technology aims to enable secure, reliable, and high-performance communication between vehicles and their surroundings, facilitating safety applications, traffic management, and autonomous driving.
    • Uniqueness: Autotalks may distinguish itself through its expertise in developing dedicated V2X communication hardware, optimized for automotive-grade reliability, low power consumption, and robust performance in challenging environments. They may also offer comprehensive software support and integration services.
    • End-User Segments: Their target customers include automotive OEMs, Tier 1 suppliers, and infrastructure providers seeking to incorporate V2X communication capabilities into their vehicles and transportation systems, with a focus on safety, efficiency, and future mobility trends.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  1. University of Michigan:
    • Technology Enhancements: Researchers at the University of Michigan are working on enhancing V2X communication protocols to enable seamless integration of electric vehicles (EVs) into the power grid and other infrastructure systems. They are developing advanced algorithms and networking solutions to improve the reliability, security, and interoperability of V2X communication.
    • Uniqueness of Research: The research at the University of Michigan focuses on addressing the unique challenges of integrating EVs into the existing transportation and energy infrastructure. They are exploring novel approaches such as dynamic power management and cooperative control strategies to optimize the interactions between EVs, charging stations, and grid networks.
    • End-use Applications: The innovations developed at the University of Michigan have applications in smart transportation systems, renewable energy integration, and demand response management. By enabling effective V2X communication, EVs can serve as distributed energy resources, participate in grid balancing activities, and support the transition to a sustainable energy future.
  2. University of California, Berkeley:
    • Technology Enhancements: Researchers at UC Berkeley are focusing on developing V2X communication systems that prioritize safety, reliability, and low-latency connectivity. They are leveraging advances in wireless communication technologies such as 5G and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication standards to enable real-time data exchange between EVs, infrastructure, and other road users.
    • Uniqueness of Research: UC Berkeley’s research integrates insights from transportation engineering, computer science, and urban planning to design V2X communication systems that are tailored to the needs of electric mobility. They are exploring innovative use cases such as vehicle platooning, intersection coordination, and energy management to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of transportation networks.
    • End-use Applications: The innovations developed at UC Berkeley have applications in autonomous driving, smart cities, and shared mobility services. By enabling V2X communication, EVs can communicate with traffic signals, pedestrians, and other vehicles to improve safety, reduce congestion, and optimize energy usage in urban environments.
  3. Technische Universität München (TUM):
    • Technology Enhancements: Researchers at TUM are focusing on developing V2X communication systems that are robust, scalable, and energy-efficient. They are exploring new networking architectures, communication protocols, and information processing techniques to enable seamless integration of EVs into the transportation and energy infrastructure.
    • Uniqueness of Research: TUM’s research emphasizes the development of V2X communication solutions that are tailored to the requirements of electric mobility in urban and rural areas. They are investigating the impact of environmental factors, traffic conditions, and infrastructure constraints on the performance of V2X communication systems.
    • End-use Applications: The innovations developed at TUM have applications in electric vehicle charging, traffic management, and renewable energy integration. By enabling V2X communication, EVs can participate in dynamic pricing schemes, grid balancing activities, and demand response programs to support the transition to a sustainable and resilient transportation system.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

V2X technology is beginning to be commercially implemented in several regions. Pilot projects are underway in the United States, Europe, and Asia to test the feasibility and benefits of V2X applications, including safety warnings, traffic management, and connected infrastructure. Major automakers, including Ford, Toyota, and BMW, are incorporating V2X communication into their new vehicles. The widespread adoption of V2X is expected to accelerate in the coming years as technology matures and regulations are established.