Waste-to-Value Solutions for Resource Efficiency

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

Waste-to-value solutions involve converting industrial waste streams into valuable products, creating new revenue streams and reducing environmental impact. These solutions aim to close the loop in industrial processes by utilizing waste materials as inputs for new products, promoting a circular economy.

Impact on climate action

Waste-to-Value Solutions for Industrial Resource Efficiency convert waste streams into valuable resources, reducing landfill emissions and conserving raw materials. By promoting circularity and resource recovery, this innovation mitigates environmental impact, lowers emissions, and fosters a more sustainable industrial ecosystem, contributing significantly to climate action and waste reduction efforts.


  • Waste Conversion Technologies: These technologies convert waste materials into valuable products, such as fuels, chemicals, and materials. Examples include anaerobic digestion, gasification, pyrolysis, and biomanufacturing.
  • Circular Economy Principles: Waste-to-value solutions are based on the principles of the circular economy, which aims to eliminate waste and keep resources in circulation.
  • Industrial Symbiosis: This concept involves collaboration between different industries to exchange and utilize waste resources, creating a more efficient and sustainable industrial ecosystem.

TRL : 5-8 (depending on the specific technology)

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Advanced Conversion Technologies: Researchers and startups are developing more efficient and cost-effective waste conversion technologies, such as advanced anaerobic digestion systems and innovative gasification processes.
  • Biomanufacturing for Waste Utilization: Biomanufacturing processes are being developed to convert waste biomass and other organic waste materials into valuable chemicals and materials.
  • Waste Stream Optimization: Innovations in waste management practices and technologies are improving the sorting and separation of waste streams, enabling more efficient and targeted waste-to-value solutions.
  • Digital Platforms for Waste Exchange: Digital platforms are being developed to connect businesses that generate waste with businesses that can utilize those waste materials, facilitating industrial symbiosis and resource exchange.

Other Innovation Subthemes

  • Advanced Waste Conversion Technologies
  • Waste Stream Optimization Strategies
  • Digital Platforms for Waste Exchange
  • Industrial Symbiosis Initiatives
  • Efficient Anaerobic Digestion Systems
  • Innovative Gasification Processes
  • Enhanced Waste Sorting Technologies
  • Chemical Recycling Innovations
  • Resource Exchange Networks
  • Sustainable Biofuel Production
  • Enzyme-based Waste Conversion
  • Plastic Waste Valorization Techniques

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  • LanzaTech:
    • Technology Enhancement: LanzaTech specializes in converting carbon-rich waste streams, such as industrial emissions and agricultural residues, into sustainable fuels and chemicals using microbial fermentation technology. Their proprietary gas fermentation process enables the production of ethanol, jet fuel, and other valuable products from waste carbon sources.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: LanzaTech’s waste-to-value solutions offer a sustainable alternative to traditional fossil fuels and chemicals by utilizing carbon waste as a feedstock. Their technology helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mitigate climate change, and promote circular economy principles.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: LanzaTech serves industries with carbon-intensive operations, including steel manufacturing, oil refining, and waste management sectors. Their waste-to-value solutions are used by companies seeking to decarbonize their processes, reduce environmental impact, and create value from waste streams.
  • Enerkem:
    • Technology Enhancement: Enerkem develops advanced biofuels and biochemicals from non-recyclable municipal solid waste using a proprietary thermochemical conversion process called gasification and catalytic synthesis. Their technology converts waste materials into synthesis gas, which is then converted into methanol, ethanol, and other renewable products.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Enerkem’s waste-to-value solutions offer a sustainable approach to waste management by diverting non-recyclable waste from landfills and converting it into renewable fuels and chemicals. Their technology helps reduce waste generation, decrease dependence on fossil fuels, and lower greenhouse gas emissions.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Enerkem serves municipalities, waste management companies, and industrial partners seeking to address waste management challenges and reduce environmental impact. Their waste-to-value solutions provide an alternative to landfill disposal and incineration, offering economic and environmental benefits to communities and businesses.
  • Novozymes:
    • Technology Enhancement: Novozymes develops enzymes and microbial solutions for optimizing biogas production from organic waste and improving the efficiency of waste treatment processes. Their enzymes help break down organic matter into biogas, which can be used for renewable energy production, and facilitate the digestion of waste in anaerobic digestion systems.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Novozymes’ waste-to-value solutions enable more efficient and sustainable waste treatment and biogas production processes by harnessing the power of enzymes and microorganisms. Their technology enhances biogas yields, reduces process time, and improves overall performance in waste treatment facilities.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Novozymes serves wastewater treatment plants, biogas producers, and waste management facilities seeking to optimize their operations and maximize resource recovery from organic waste. Their waste-to-value solutions contribute to the circular economy by turning organic waste into renewable energy and valuable by-products.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  • University of California, Berkeley:
    • Research Focus: The University of California, Berkeley is actively involved in research on Waste-to-Value Solutions, focusing on developing technologies and strategies to convert waste materials into valuable products or resources.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves exploring various approaches such as biological, chemical, and thermal processes for converting diverse waste streams into energy, fuels, chemicals, and materials.
    • End-use Applications: UC Berkeley’s work has applications in waste management, renewable energy, and sustainable manufacturing. For example, they’re researching microbial fuel cells for converting organic waste into electricity, anaerobic digestion processes for producing biogas from organic waste, and pyrolysis techniques for converting plastic waste into synthetic fuels.
  • Technical University of Munich (TUM):
    • Research Focus: TUM conducts cutting-edge research on Waste-to-Value Solutions, exploring innovative technologies and business models to valorize waste streams and promote circular economy principles.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves interdisciplinary collaborations between engineering, chemistry, and environmental science disciplines to develop integrated waste management systems that maximize resource recovery and minimize environmental impact.
    • End-use Applications: Their work finds applications in urban sustainability, biorefining, and resource recovery. For instance, they’re researching bio-based processes for converting agricultural residues into biofuels and biochemicals, developing advanced recycling technologies for recovering valuable metals from electronic waste, and exploring symbiotic relationships between industries to exchange waste streams and by-products for mutual benefit.
  • Imperial College London:
    • Research Focus: Imperial College London is a leader in research on Waste-to-Value Solutions, focusing on developing scalable and economically viable technologies for transforming waste materials into high-value products.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves leveraging advanced materials science, catalysis, and process engineering to develop novel waste conversion technologies with improved efficiency, selectivity, and environmental performance.
    • End-use Applications: Their work has applications in biotechnology, materials science, and environmental remediation. For example, they’re researching enzymatic processes for converting lignocellulosic biomass into platform chemicals, developing catalytic processes for converting carbon dioxide into value-added products, and exploring engineered microorganisms for bioremediation of contaminated soil and water.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

Several waste-to-value technologies, such as anaerobic digestion and gasification, are already being implemented in commercial-scale projects around the world. For example, Enerkem operates a commercial-scale plant in Canada that converts municipal solid waste into biofuels and chemicals.