Biofuel Blending and Distribution Infrastructure

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

Optimizing blending and distribution infrastructure is crucial for ensuring the widespread adoption of biofuels. This includes developing efficient blending facilities and expanding biofuel distribution networks to make biofuels readily available to consumers.

Impact on climate action

Biofuel Blending and Distribution Infrastructure advances climate action by integrating renewable fuels into existing energy systems. By facilitating widespread adoption and usage of biofuels, this innovation reduces carbon emissions, decreases reliance on fossil fuels, and promotes a transition to a more sustainable energy economy, mitigating climate change impacts.


  • Blending Facilities: Biofuel blending facilities mix biofuels with conventional fuels to create blends that meet specific fuel standards and specifications. These facilities require specialized equipment and infrastructure to ensure accurate and efficient blending.
  • Distribution Networks: Biofuel distribution networks involve pipelines, terminals, and transportation systems to deliver biofuels from production facilities to end users. Efficient and extensive distribution networks are crucial for ensuring the widespread availability and adoption of biofuels.
  • Fuel Standards and Specifications: Biofuels must meet specific fuel standards and specifications to be used in vehicles and other applications. Blending facilities play a key role in ensuring that biofuel blends meet these requirements.

TRL : 7-8

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Advanced Blending Technologies: Innovations in blending technologies, such as in-line blending and automated quality control systems, are improving the efficiency and accuracy of biofuel blending processes.
  • Expansion of Biofuel Distribution Networks: Companies are investing in new pipelines, terminals, and transportation systems to expand biofuel distribution networks and make biofuels more readily available to consumers.
  • Development of Sustainable Biofuel Supply Chains: Startups and researchers are working to develop sustainable biofuel supply chains that minimize environmental impact and ensure ethical sourcing of feedstocks.
  • Digitalization and Data Analytics: Digital technologies and data analytics are being used to optimize biofuel blending and distribution operations, improving efficiency and reducing costs.

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  • Renewable Energy Group (REG):
    • Technology Enhancement: Renewable Energy Group (REG) focuses on the production, distribution, and marketing of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels. They operate multiple biorefineries across North America, utilizing a variety of feedstocks such as soybean oil, used cooking oil, and animal fats.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: REG’s expertise lies in the blending and distribution of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels, offering customized blends to meet customer requirements and regulatory standards. They also provide comprehensive logistics and infrastructure solutions for biofuel distribution.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: REG serves a wide range of industries, including transportation, agriculture, marine, and government fleets. Their biofuel blending and distribution infrastructure cater to customers seeking renewable alternatives to conventional diesel fuel for various applications.
  • Neste:
    • Technology Enhancement: Neste is a leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). They utilize renewable feedstocks such as vegetable oils, waste fats, and residues to produce high-quality renewable fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Neste is known for its advanced refining technology, which enables the production of drop-in renewable fuels that can be used in existing diesel engines and infrastructure without modification. They also offer a comprehensive supply chain and distribution network for biofuels.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Neste serves industries seeking sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels, including transportation, aviation, and renewable energy sectors. Their renewable diesel and SAF products are used by airlines, vehicle fleets, and renewable energy producers worldwide.
  • Green Plains Inc.:
    • Technology Enhancement: Green Plains Inc. is a diversified ethanol producer with production facilities across the United States. They produce ethanol from corn and other renewable feedstocks, which is blended with gasoline to create E10 and higher ethanol blends for transportation fuels.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Green Plains Inc. operates ethanol production facilities and blending terminals strategically located near major fuel markets, ensuring reliable supply and distribution of ethanol-blended fuels. They also provide blending and logistics services to fuel retailers and distributors.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Green Plains Inc. serves the transportation and fuel retail sectors, providing ethanol-blended fuels to consumers and fueling stations across the United States. Their infrastructure supports the use of ethanol as a renewable and domestically produced fuel option.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  • University of California, Berkeley:
    • Research Focus: UC Berkeley is engaged in cutting-edge research on biofuel blending and distribution infrastructure, focusing on optimizing fuel blending processes and developing infrastructure solutions to accommodate the integration of biofuels into existing fuel distribution networks.
    • Uniqueness: Their research often involves the evaluation of blending technologies, fuel compatibility, and storage and transportation infrastructure to ensure efficient and reliable distribution of biofuels.
    • End-use Applications: UC Berkeley’s work has applications in transportation, energy security, and environmental sustainability. For example, they’re researching advanced blending techniques for ethanol-gasoline blends and bio-based diesel fuels, as well as infrastructure upgrades for fueling stations to support higher biofuel blends.
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign:
    • Research Focus: The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign conducts pioneering research on biofuel blending and distribution infrastructure, exploring strategies for optimizing fuel compatibility, quality assurance, and supply chain logistics.
    • Uniqueness: Their research often involves systems modeling, optimization algorithms, and data analytics to design and manage biofuel blending operations and distribution networks efficiently.
    • End-use Applications: Their work finds applications in fueling infrastructure, fleet operations, and policy development. For instance, they’re researching real-time monitoring systems for biofuel quality assurance and supply chain optimization tools for maximizing the utilization of biofuel resources.
  • Delft University of Technology (TU Delft):
    • Research Focus: TU Delft is a leader in research on biofuel blending and distribution infrastructure, exploring innovative technologies and strategies for integrating biofuels into existing fossil fuel supply chains.
    • Uniqueness: Their research often involves the development of modular and flexible infrastructure solutions, such as micro-blending facilities and mobile fueling stations, to enable the seamless distribution of biofuels.
    • End-use Applications: Their work has applications in sustainable mobility, energy transition, and rural development. For example, they’re researching decentralized biofuel production and distribution systems for remote communities and exploring smart grid integration of biofuel-powered vehicles for demand-side management.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

Biofuel blending and distribution infrastructure is already well-established in many countries, but further expansion is needed to meet growing demand and ensure accessibility.