Solar Roof Tiles

Detailed overview of innovation with sample startups and prominent university research

What it is

Solar roof tiles are roofing materials that integrate photovoltaic (PV) cells into the tiles themselves. This allows roofs to generate electricity from sunlight while serving as a functional and aesthetically pleasing roofing system.

Impact on climate action

Solar Roof Tiles in Distributed Solar PV revolutionize climate action by integrating renewable energy generation into buildings. By utilizing rooftops for solar power production, these tiles reduce reliance on fossil fuels, decrease carbon emissions, and accelerate the adoption of clean energy, fostering sustainability and mitigating climate change impacts.


  • Photovoltaic (PV) Cells: Solar roof tiles incorporate PV cells, similar to those found in traditional solar panels, to convert sunlight into electricity. These cells are typically made from silicon or other semiconductor materials.
  • Building Materials Integration: PV cells are seamlessly integrated into the design of the roof tiles, creating a multifunctional building component that generates electricity while providing weatherproofing and aesthetic appeal.
  • Durability and Weather Resistance: Solar roof tiles must be durable and weather-resistant to withstand harsh environmental conditions, such as rain, snow, and wind.
  • Building Energy Management Systems: Solar roof tiles can be integrated with building energy management systems to optimize energy usage and maximize the benefits of solar power.

TRL : 7-8

Prominent Innovation themes

  • Improved Aesthetics: Solar roof tile manufacturers are developing tiles that closely resemble traditional roofing materials, such as asphalt shingles and slate tiles, making them more aesthetically pleasing and appealing to homeowners.
  • Higher Efficiency Solar Cells: Innovations in solar cell technology are leading to the development of solar roof tiles with higher efficiencies, generating more electricity from the same roof area.
  • Integrated Energy Storage: Some companies are developing solar roof tiles with integrated energy storage systems, such as batteries, allowing homeowners to store excess solar energy for later use.
  • Smart Roof Tiles: Smart solar roof tiles are being developed with integrated sensors and communication capabilities, allowing for real-time monitoring of energy production and roof conditions.

Other Innovation Subthemes

  • Seamless Integration with Traditional Roofing Materials
  • Advanced Weatherproofing and Durability Features
  • Optimization for Various Architectural Designs
  • Enhanced Energy Efficiency through Innovative Technology
  • Integration with Smart Home Systems
  • Customizable Aesthetic Options for Homeowners
  • Development of Lightweight and Versatile Designs
  • Integration of Artificial Intelligence for Performance Monitoring
  • Research on Next-Generation Solar Materials

Sample Global Startups and Companies

  • Tesla:
    • Technology Enhancement: Tesla’s Solar Roof Tiles integrate solar cells into traditional roofing materials, providing a seamless and aesthetically pleasing solution for solar energy generation. The tiles are designed to mimic the appearance of conventional roof tiles while generating electricity from sunlight. Tesla’s Solar Roof Tiles feature durable materials, advanced solar cell technology, and weather-resistant coatings for long-term performance.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Tesla stands out for its innovative approach to solar energy integration in residential buildings. Their Solar Roof Tiles combine solar power generation with roofing functionality, offering homeowners a sustainable and visually appealing alternative to traditional solar panels. Tesla’s integration with their Powerwall energy storage system further enhances energy self-sufficiency and resilience.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Tesla’s Solar Roof Tiles primarily target homeowners seeking sustainable and energy-efficient roofing solutions. Their tiles are suitable for new construction projects, roof replacements, and residential solar installations, providing homeowners with the benefits of renewable energy generation, reduced electricity bills, and increased property value.
  • SunStyle:
    • Technology Enhancement: SunStyle specializes in solar-integrated roofing solutions, including solar roof tiles designed to seamlessly integrate with various architectural styles. Their tiles feature high-efficiency solar cells embedded within durable roofing materials, allowing for discreet and effective solar energy generation. SunStyle’s focus is on providing customizable and aesthetically pleasing solar roofing options for residential and commercial buildings.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: SunStyle stands out for its emphasis on design flexibility and architectural integration in solar roofing solutions. Their tiles are available in a range of colors, styles, and profiles to match diverse aesthetic preferences and building designs. SunStyle’s commitment to blending solar technology with architectural elegance appeals to homeowners, architects, and developers.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: SunStyle targets homeowners, architects, and developers looking for solar-integrated roofing solutions that enhance the visual appeal of buildings while maximizing energy efficiency. Their tiles are suitable for residential, commercial, and institutional projects seeking to incorporate sustainable and aesthetically pleasing solar energy systems.
  • Viridian Solar:
    • Technology Enhancement: Viridian Solar specializes in solar roof integration systems, including solar roof tiles and solar panels designed for seamless installation on pitched roofs. Their Clearline Fusion solar roof tiles feature frameless glass modules that blend discreetly with roofing materials, providing an elegant and efficient solution for solar energy generation. Viridian Solar’s focus is on simplifying the integration of solar power into residential and commercial buildings.
    • Uniqueness of the Startup: Viridian Solar stands out for its patented solar roof integration technology and its commitment to product innovation and design excellence. Their Clearline Fusion solar tiles offer a visually appealing alternative to traditional solar panels, providing homeowners and developers with a versatile and attractive solar energy solution.
    • End-User Segments Addressing: Viridian Solar targets homeowners, builders, and developers seeking high-quality, low-profile solar roofing solutions. Their Clearline Fusion solar tiles are suitable for both new construction and retrofit projects, offering customers a sustainable and aesthetically pleasing option for integrating solar power into their buildings.

Sample Research At Top-Tier Universities

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):
    • Research Focus: MIT is at the forefront of research on Solar Roof Tiles, focusing on developing advanced materials, manufacturing processes, and integration techniques to create efficient and aesthetically pleasing solar roofing solutions.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves the development of lightweight and flexible photovoltaic materials, such as thin-film solar cells and organic photovoltaics, that can be seamlessly integrated into roofing materials like shingles and tiles. They also explore innovative encapsulation methods, weatherproofing technologies, and architectural designs to ensure durability, reliability, and performance in diverse environmental conditions.
    • End-use Applications: The outcomes of their work have applications in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings, enabling property owners to generate clean energy on-site while enhancing the visual appeal and energy efficiency of their properties. By transforming conventional roofing materials into solar energy generators, MIT’s research contributes to increasing the adoption of distributed solar PV and advancing sustainable building practices.
  • Stanford University:
    • Research Focus: Stanford University conducts innovative research on Solar Roof Tiles, leveraging its expertise in materials science, nanotechnology, and building design to develop next-generation solar roofing solutions with improved performance, durability, and cost-effectiveness.
    • Uniqueness: Their research encompasses the development of high-efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells, transparent conductive coatings, and advanced roofing materials engineered to maximize sunlight capture, energy conversion, and heat dissipation. They also investigate smart building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems, energy management technologies, and grid integration strategies to optimize energy production, consumption, and storage in solar-equipped buildings.
    • End-use Applications: The outcomes of their work find applications in new construction projects, retrofitting existing buildings, and sustainable urban development initiatives. By seamlessly integrating solar energy harvesting capabilities into building exteriors, Stanford’s research enables property owners to reduce their carbon footprint, lower electricity bills, and increase energy independence, driving the widespread adoption of distributed solar PV.
  • University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA):
    • Research Focus: UCLA is engaged in cutting-edge research on Solar Roof Tiles, leveraging its expertise in architecture, urban planning, and renewable energy systems to develop innovative solutions for integrating solar power generation into building envelopes.
    • Uniqueness: Their research involves the design and optimization of solar-integrated roofing materials, such as ceramic tiles, glass panels, and composite laminates, tailored to the aesthetic preferences, structural requirements, and climate conditions of different regions. They also explore building-integrated energy storage, demand-side management, and grid-edge technologies to enhance the resilience and sustainability of solar-equipped buildings.
    • End-use Applications: The outcomes of their work have applications in residential neighborhoods, commercial districts, and public infrastructure projects, enabling property owners, developers, and municipalities to harness solar energy while enhancing architectural aesthetics and urban livability. By promoting the adoption of Solar Roof Tiles, UCLA’s research supports the transition to a decentralized, renewable energy-powered built environment, contributing to climate mitigation and energy resilience efforts.

commercial_img Commercial Implementation

Solar roof tiles are being implemented in commercial and residential buildings around the world. For example, the Tesla Solar Roof has been installed on thousands of homes in the United States, while SunStyle’s solar roof tiles have been used in various commercial and institutional buildings.